• קריאת שמע

  • מודים דרבנן

קריאת שמע
1. One should read Shma carefully. He should emphasize all the letters and also hear the words he is reciting.
2. One should also have in mind fulfilling the mitzvah of Shma and accepting upon oneself the oneness of HaShem.
3. The first possuk should be said aloud so to arouse the proper kavana.
4. The meaning of the first possuk is, HaShem who is our G-d is the only one in heaven and earth.
5. The ד' should be stretched a little to allow for proper kavana that HaShem rules over all the four corners of the world.
6. If one did not have proper kavana during the first possuk, it should be repeated. If he is among people, he should do this quietly.
7. One should pause before saying ברוך שם כבוד כו' and then say it with proper kavana.
8. In the possuk ברוך שם כבוד, also, if he did not have proper kavana he repeats.
9. One should touch the tefilin upon saying וקשרתם כו' during both parshios.
10. To complete the required number 248 the chazan repeats three words and the individual should pay attention to them.
11. One who davens alone without a minyon should add the three words קל מלך נאמן before שמע.



מודים דרבנן
1. After the chazan says המחזיר שכנתו לציון the ציבור answers אמן. Then, after a pause, they say מודים.
2. We bend together with the חזן at מודים.
3. After this there are various customs.
a) the ציבור just bends their heads
b) some bend also at the end of the paragraph
c) some stay bent during the whole paragraph
4. The prevalent custom is to bend at מודים and straighten at the שם ד'.
5. The חזן continues מודים in a loud voice while the ציבור says מודים דרבנן.
6. One who is in the middle of פסוקי דזמרא also should bend and say מודים דרבנן.
7. During Shma and the brochos he should bend if he hears מודים דרבנן being said, and also recite the three words of מודים אנחנו לך.
8. During silent Shmone Esrei, one should bend upon hearing מודים דרבנן.
9. מודים דרבנן takes precedence over אמן of הקל הקדוש and שומע תפילה.