• Hanachas Tfilin

Hanachas Tfilin

1. The “Rash” would say the Birchos HaShachar until עוטר ישראל בתפארה and then put on the tefilin Although we put them on before, it is a custom to, at least, touch them at this brocha.
2. One should, at least, wear tefilin during Shma and Shmone Esrei. Since we refer to tefilin during the Shma it would be considered a false testimony if we are not wearing tefilin.
3. The poskim derive from a possuk that one should have definite thoughts and intentions when wearing tefilin as expressed in the paragraph we should say before wearing them.
4. Part of this “kavana” is the concepts expressed in the four parshios written and placed in the tefilin. Therefore it is a good custom to read them after one dons the tefilin.
5. Ashkenazim recite two brochos, one on the shel yad and one the shel rosh. However, since there is an opinion that only one brocha is said, we follow the shel rosh with ברוך שם כבוד כו' . This should only be said after the tefilin are securely in place.
6. Although we are taught not to pass up a mitzva, even if one happens to grab hold of the shel rosh first, he should still wear the shel yad first.
7. The brocha להניח תפיליו should be carefully recited with a “kamatz” under the “heh” for otherwise it could change the meaning from “placing” to “leaving”.
8. The brocha is recited after the tefilin are placed on the arm, immediately before tightening the knot. If one didn’t, for some reason, say the brocha then, he can still say it afterwards.
9. One should not interrupt between the shel yad and shel rosh with talk, even to motion with ones hands or body, etc. If one did talk, the brocha להניח is repeated again on the shel rosh together with its own brocha.
10. This does not apply if he spoke for the needs of this mitzva of tefilin.
11. One does not even interrupt for kaddish or kedusha. Rather he should be quiet for the moment and listen. If he did answer he must repeat the brocha.
12. On Chol HaMoed or tefilin Rabenu Tam, when a brocha is not said, one may answer to kaddish and kedusha. It is advisable, however, to move the shel yad, to replace it as if he is starting anew.
13. The Shulchan Aruch warns against any foreign substance ( a “chatzitza”) between the body and the tefilin shel yad or rosh.
14. Although it expresses a leniency for under the straps, the Mishna Brura quotes most sources as being strict about the straps directly connected to the tying process of tefilin.
15. The Mishna Brura even suggests washing and cleansing the area upon which tefilin will be placed so dust or dirt won’t be a problem.
16. He criticizes people with a large head of hair which aside from a problem, perhaps, of a “chatzitza” it makes it difficult to properly place the tefilin.
17. Certainly one should not place tefilin on a toupe or hair piece.
18. A bandage on a place of the body where the straps are placed does not present a problem.
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